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Chongqing is the largest and most populous of the People's Republic of China's four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western region of China.Chongqing covers a large area crisscrossed by rivers and mountains. The Daba Mountains stand in the north, the Wushan Mountains in the east, the Wuling Mountains in the southeast and the Dalou Mountains in the south. The whole area slopes down from north and south towards the Yangtze valley, with sharp rises and falls. The area is featured by mountain and hills, with large sloping areas at different heights. Typical karst landscape is common in this area, and stone forests, forests of peaks, limestone caves and valleys can be found in many places.
The Yangtze River runs through the whole area from west to east, covering a course of 665 kilometers, cutting through the Wushan Mountains at three places and forming the well-known Three Gorges: the Qutang, the Wuxia and the Xiling gorges. Coming from northwest and running through "the Jialing Lesser Three Gorges" of Libi, Wentang and Guanyin, the Jialing River joins the Yangtze in Chongqing.
In addition to the magnificent gorges, Mother Nature has also favored the city with other gifts: the rich natural resources in Jinfo Mountain in Nanchuan, known as a natural bank of genes, and in Simian Mountain in Jiangjin, the largest primitive forest on the same latitude in the world; the scenery along valleys on the Wujing River, Jialing River and the Daning River; and the beautiful lakes of Changshou, Xiaonanhai, and Qinglong.Chongqing, as a famous historic city in China and the cradle of Ba Ethnic culture enjoys a great cultural heritage. It is a component part of the Chinese culture that maintains unique regional features of cultural pattern.Chongqing is particularly rich in human landscape as well as in cultural relics and historic sites.There are now 49 national, provincial and municipal preservation places of treasured historical relics.In 1999, the UNESCO listed The Dazu Stone Sculptures on World Register of Culture Heritage.
In its 12 museums and memorial halls displays and exhibitions are held every year.Chongqing, as a famous historic city in China and the cradle of Ba Ethnic culture enjoys a great cultural heritage.It is a component part of the Chinese culture that maintains unique regional features of cultural pattern. Chongqing is particularly rich in human landscape as well as in cultural relics and historic sites.There are now 49 national, provincial and municipal preservation places of treasured historical relics.
In 1999, the UNESCO listed The Dazu Stone Sculptures on World Register of Culture Heritage.In its 12 museums and memorial halls displays and exhibitions are held every year. The artistic performance of Chongqing flourishes in a great variety, outstanding with strong folk color among the pageant of arts in China.There are 3,000 organizations including 29 professional troupes.The acrobatics of Chongqing is well-known all over the world. "Kicking Bowls on a Balancing Board"performed by the Chongqing Acrobatics Troupe won a Silver Medal at the 9th Festival of Circus Tomorrow and a Golden Lion Medal on the event of National Acrobatics Competition.The Sichuan opera has also built a system of stylized movement and its acting is both exquisite and vivid with a series of stunts including"face- changing".
Since the founding of New China, the Chongqing's artistic troops have realized performance tours and cultural exchange in more than 30 countries and regions such as United States, Japan, Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, Switzerland, Poland, Germany, Peru, Colombia, Denmark, Australia, Mexico, Netherlands, Argentina, Canada, Burma, Singapore, Philippines, Taiwan and Macao, etc. The mass-oriented cultural activities in Chongqing have the goal to popularize the folk art as the lead forming a network around 46 community centers of art and culture, 1,211 cultural stations and 1,944 units of film projection.
The popular culture in its modern form is growing rapidly, including performance, entertainment, videos, books and periodicals, fine art, movies, cultural relics, advertisement, and fashion shows.The public libraries are starting to take shape in Chongqing.There are 43 public libraries with a deposit of 8.23 million volumes of books.?Built with an investment of 17 million yuan, the Chongqing Municipal Library is one of the archives collection units consigned by the United Nations.